While people can legally change their sex, sexual activity between members of the same gay irani is illegal and can be punishable by death, gay irani. LGBT rights in Iran have come in conflict with irahi penal code since the s. Same-sex sexual activities are punishable by imprisonment,  corporal punishmentor execution.
Gay men have faced stricter enforcement actions under the law than lesbians. Transgender identity is recognized through a sex reassignment surgery. Sex reassignment gay irani are partially financially supported by the state. Some homosexual individuals in Iran have been pressured to undergo sex reassignment topic, gay kiss gay that in order gay irani avoid legal and social persecution.
It contains provisions that are part of gay irani code promoting procreative gay irani that is interpreted to prohibit same-sex intercourse as sinful, gay irani.
Ancient commentary on this passage suggests that gay irani engaging gay irani sodomy could be killed gay irani permission from a high priest. However, a strong homosexual tradition in Iran https://ferool.info/asian-gay-massage.php attested to by Greek historians from the 5th century onward, gay irani, and go here the prohibition apparently had little effect on Iranian attitudes or sexual behavior outside the ranks of devout Zoroastrians in rural eastern Iran, gay irani.
There is a significant amount of literature in Persian that contain explicit same-sex illustrations. Under the rule gay irani Mohammad Reza Shahthe last monarch of the Pahlavi dynastyhomosexuality was tolerated, gay irani, even to the point of allowing news coverage of a same-sex wedding, gay irani. Janet Afary has argued iranj the Revolution was partly motivated by moral outrage against the Shah's government, and in particular against a mock same-sex wedding vay two young men with ties to the court.
She says that this explains the virulence of gay irani anti-homosexual oppression in Iran. LouvreParis. A Safavid Persian miniature fromdepicting two men engaged in anal sex. Kinsey Institution gay irani, Bloomington. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Men and youths gay irani on a Safavid ceramic panel from Chehel SotounIsfahan, gay irani. Since the Gay iranithe legal code has been based on Islamic law. All sexual activities that occur outside a traditional, heterosexual marriage i. Same-sex sexual activities that occur between consenting adults are criminalized and carry a maximum punishment of death—though not generally implemented.
Rape, whether same-sex or opposite-sex, often results in execution, but is related to adultery and sodomy in Iran's penal code rather than being classified as "sexual assault". The here penalty is legal for those above 18, and if a murder was committed, legal at the age of Approved by the Parliament on July 30,and finally ratified by the Guardian Council on November 28,articles through distinctly deal with same-sex iirani activities and their punishments in detail.
If the participants are adults, gay irani, of sound mind and consenting, the method of execution is for the judge to decide. If one person is non-consenting i.
A non-adult who engages in consensual sodomy is subject to a punishment of 74 lashes. Articles to assert that sodomy is proved either if a gay irani confesses four times to having committed sodomy gay irani by the testimony of four righteous men, gay irani.
Testimony of women alone or together with a man does not prove sodomy. According to Articles andif sodomy, or any lesser crime wheels gay to above, is proved by confession and the person concerned repents, the judge may gxy that he be pardoned. If a person who has committed the lesser crimes referred to above repents before the giving of testimony by the witnesses, the punishment is quashed. The judge may punish the person for lesser crimes at his discretion.
If the act is here three times and punishment is enforced each time, the death sentence will apply on the fourth occasion. Article asserts that the ways of proving female same-sex sexual activity in court are the same as for sodomy. Article says that both Muslims and non-Muslims are subject to the punishment. According to Articles andthe rules for the quashing of sentences, or for pardoning, are the gay irani as for the lesser male homosexual offenses.
According to Articlewomen who "stand gay irani under one cover without necessity" and are not gay irani may receive a punishment of 50 lashes. At the discretion of the Iranian court, fines, gay irani, prison sentences, and corporal punishment are usually carried out rather than the gau penalty, unless the crime was a rape. The charges of same-sex sexual iani have in a few occasions been used in political crimes. Other charges had been paired with the sodomy crime, such as rape or acts against iranu state, and convictions are obtained in grossly flawed trials.
On March 14,famous dissident writer Ali Akbar Saidi Sirjani was charged with offenses ranging from drug dealing to espionage to homosexual activity. He died in prison under disputed circumstances.
Some human iraani activists and opponents of the government in Iran claim between 4, gay irani, and irano, gay irani men and lesbians have been executed in Iran for crimes related to their sexual orientation since In a November meeting with his British counterpart, Iranian member of parliament Mohsen Yahyavi admitted that the government in Gay irani believes in the death penalty for homosexuality.
According to Yahyavi, gays deserve to be tortured, executed, or both. Ten to fifteen percent of executions in Iran are for rape. The rape victim may settle the case by accepting compensation jirat in exchange for withdrawing the charges or forgiving the rapist. Irzni woman can also receive diyya for injuries sustained. Normally, gay irani, the rapist still faces tazir penalties, such as lashes and jail time for immoral acts, and often faces further penalties for other crimes committed alongside the rape, such as kidnapping, assault, and disruption ifani public order.
Vay July 19,Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni two teenagers from the province of Khorasan were convicted by the court of having raped a year-old boy were publicly hanged. Another controversial execution was that of Makwan Moloudzadeh on December 6, As a gay irani, he was ineligible for the read article penalty under the law in Iran, gay irani. On Gay irani 15, gay irani, the daily newspaper Etemad reported that the Tehran Criminal Court sentenced two jrani to death gay irani the discovery of a video showing them engaged in sexual acts.
Another two men were allegedly hanged publicly in the northern town of Gorgan for sodomy in November An on-line petition for their release began to circulate around the internet.
There were gay irani reported crackdowns in IsfahanIran's third-largest city. On May gay irani,Isfahan police arrested 87 people at a birthday party, gay irani, including 80 suspected gay men, beating read more detaining them through the gay irani.
Those who remained in custody were believed to have been wearing women's clothing. In April30 men learn more here arrested in a raid in Isfahan Province"charged with sodomy, gay irani, drinking alcohol and using psychedelic drugs".
Same-sex marriage and civil unions are not legally recognized in Iran. Traditional Iranian families often exercise strong influence in who, and when, their children marry and even what profession they chose.
No legislation exists to address discrimination or bias motivated iranu on the basis gay irani sexual orientation or gender identity. Traditional Iranian families tend to prohibit their children from dating, gay irani, as it is not a part more info Iranian culture, https://ferool.info/gay-guys-dating-short-gay.php this has become somewhat more tolerated, among liberals.
Gay Iranian couples are often afraid to be seen together  in public, and report that LGBT gay irani were widely stereotyped urani being sex-obsessed child molesters, gay irani, rapists, and disease-ridden. As Article 20 in Clause 14 states, a person who has done a sex reassignment surgery can legally change their name and gender on the birth certification upon the order of court, gay irani.
Those who are gay irani favor of legitimately being able to reassign one's sex surgically utilize article of Iran's civil code, stating that the acts of every person should be subject to rational benefit, meaning gender reassignment surgery would be in the best interest of whomever is appealing for governmental support.
Caveats, however, include the need to have medical approval from a doctor that supports a dissonance between assigned gender and their true gender. In Islam, the term mukhannathun "effeminate ones" is used to gqy gender-variant people, usually transgender people who are transitioning from male to female.
Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quranbut the term does appear in the Hadiththe sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text. Moreover, within Islam, visit web page is a tradition on the elaboration and refinement of extended religious doctrines through scholarship.
While Iran has outlawed homosexual activity, Iranian Shia thinkers such as Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini have allowed for transsexuals to reassign their sex so that they can enter heterosexual relationships.
This position has been confirmed by the current Supreme Leader of IranAyatollah Ali Khameneiand is also supported by many other Gay irani clerics. The state will pay a portion of the cost for a gender reassignment operation. Since the mids, the Iranian government has legalized the practice of sex reassignment surgery under medical approval and the modification of pertinent legal documents to reflect the gay irani gender.
InKhomeini passed a fatwa allowing gender reassignment operations as a cure for "diagnosed transsexuals", allowing for the basis of this practice becoming legal. Hojatoleslam Kariminia, a mid-level Islamic cleric in Iran, is another advocate for link rights, having called publicly for greater respect for the rights of Iranian transsexuals.
Gay irani, transsexuality is still a taboo topic within Iranian society, and no laws exist to protect post-operative transsexuals from discrimination. In order for the two to be in an open relationship, Sahar considers surgery to work within the confines of law which permits relationships after transitioning due gay irani the relationship being between a male and female.
Bengaya book entitled Witness Play by Cyrus Shamisa was banned from shelves despite being initially approved because it said that certain notable Persian writers were homosexuals or bisexuals.
Inthe government in Iran loaned an Iranian collection of artwork that was locked away since the Revolution by the Tate Britain gallery for six months. The artwork included explicit homoerotic artwork by Francis Bacon and the government in Iran stated that upon its return, it would also be put on display in Iran.
Inthe Iranian Reformist paper Gay irani was shut down by the government after it interviewed an Iranian author, living in Canada. While the interview never mentioned the sexual orientation of Saghi Ghahreman, it did quote her as stating that, "sexual boundaries must be flexible The immoral is igani by culture on click at this page body", gay irani. The Green Party of Iran has an English translation of its website that states, "Every Iranian citizen is equal by law, regardless of gender, age, race, nationality, religion, gay irani, marital status, sexual orientation, or political beliefs" and calls iirani a "separation of state and religion".
The Worker Communist Party of Iran homepage has an English translation of its manifesto that supports the right of "All adults, women or men" to be "completely free in deciding over their gaay relationships with other adults, gay irani. Voluntary relationship of adults with each other is their private affair and no person or authority has the right to scrutinize it, interfere with it or make it public", gay irani.
The leftist Worker's Gay iranithe liberal Glorious Frontiers Partyand the center-right Constitutionalist Party of Iran have all expressed support for gay irani separation of religion and the state, which might promote LGBT rights. Inscholar Saviz Shafai gave a public lecture on homosexuality at Shiraz University and visit web page would research gay irani orientation irami gender issues at Syracuse University.
While the founder of this group had to gay irani Iran and continue his work as an exile, there is an underground LGBT rights movement in Iran. Ali Mafi, an openly gay Iranian-born comedian started his career in Click all his shows, Ali mentions his status as an Iranian citizen and his commitment to being proud of who he is regardless. Ali currently resides in San Francisco, California, which hosts a prominent gay community.
During protests against the outcome of the Iranian election in Julyit was reported that several openly gay Iranians joined crowds of protesters in the United Kingdom and were welcomed with mostly positive attitudes towards LGBT rights. The day is on the fourth Friday of July and is and celebrated annually in secret.
InDr. A booklet was approved, with explanation of condoms, and distributed to high school students. By the gay irani s, a comprehensive educational campaign existed.
In Februarygay irani, the Persian Empire iranj to an end. After 2, years of a continuous monarchy, gay irani, Iran became an Islamic Republic governed by Sharia Law — making homosexuality a crime subject to the imprisonment, corporal punishment, and execution. At its core the issue ggay intercourse. Any activity outside heterosexual marriage is viewed as a violation of religious law. Gay irani, transgender people are considered heterosexual and will not gay irani persecuted if they here gender drill gay surgery, which may be partially funded by the state.
As a result, Igani ranks as second in the world, following Thailand, for gender realignment surgeries. Many click the following article men gay irani been pressured gay irani their families to become transgender — or are forced to flee the country in order to save themselves, gay irani.
Many come to Denizli, an industrial city in southwest Turkey that acts as quite gay arzt think transit zone, allowing Iranian refugees to live in a state of purgatory while they wait patiently for a visa to live in yet another country, gay irani.
Since the U. Although free from the Kafkaesque struggles of their native land, the Iranians must remain anonymous in order to protect click here. As a first-generation Swiss woman, she began using photography to examine the cultural codes of both the East and the West, gay irani.
Between and irzni, Rasti made ten trips to the city to photograph men and women driven to hide in plain sight. The title was inspired by iraji words of former Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at a speech given at Columbia Gay irani on September 24, Rasti shares her experiences making this work, offering insights ifani how to photograph invisible people with compassion, dignity, and respect.
Most of the time the pressure of the family which is more difficult than anything else. Because Iran does not recognise homosexuality, the government considers gays and lesbians to be transgender, gay irani, gsy a prejudice in both sides.
While trans people in Iran are not acting illegally, they are considered to have a mental illness gender identity disorder and the cure is the sex reassignment surgery. In a paradoxical way, this helped the LGBTQI community to take advantage of the situation and make their voice heard with the help of the Internet. They are not all in Iran as they read more the country. The idea of the book came quite naturally.
I always irahi interviews before taking photographs, and I was accumulating a lot of gayy and accounts. The book includes 40 portraits, a selection of landscapes and home interiors, and four interviews in both Farsi irahi English. I thought it would make sense to a irnai that can be read by Iranians, and by people gay irani the west. In the beginning, I was trying to find people who would agree to show their face.
I had to respect this because anonymity was still the irami gay irani. Even if they are no longer living in Iran, their irabi do not know their hay identity. I realised that I had to deal with this photographically and find a way to capture each individual's identity without showing their face, gay irani.
I never knew myself what we would exactly do during the shoot. I was always looking for new ways to hide their face but I also wanted to make sure that we could represent their individual identities.
We would meet several times before we would shoot, gay irani an interview that would help me know more about their lives and personalities. This process allowed me to discover other ways of making gay irani https://ferool.info/gayrado-rabatt-coupon.php, especially through the process of staging them in their homes or in a please click for source. We tried to see which ideas would work best to reflect their personalities.
It plays an important role in their lives as click to see more must wait here indefinitely — until they are able to get a visa to live gay wrestling another https://ferool.info/free-local-gay-dating-sites.php. I wanted to show this town where time is like being on pause.
We tried to find a place that could echo their life while hiding in Iran or simply places they liked. Most of them changed their first name once they arrived in Ga — not officially but as a new beginning or maybe a protection, gay irani.
Each portrait is a collaboration. Without the courage, help, and friendship of my subjects, none of this could happen. Each person introduced me gay irani someone I had previously photographed. It was an incredible experience that is still not finished because of the friendships I have developed. As an anecdote, I am doing this interview from the USA in the home of one of the people of the book.
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